Can you adapt any activity for a remote retrospective?

Some people would like to have a filter for Retromat that shows only remote activities, i.e. activities that work with distributed teams when team members are not in the same room together.

Thinking about this request, I decided to internally flag activities as “remote-friendly” or “not remote-friendly” as a first step, just for myself. And then, kind of all the ones I looked at (about 10) I could easily turn into a remote activitiy – except for a few obvious exceptions. There are some activities in which “being together in a physical space” is their defining idea such as:

Take a walk
Take a stand

The others were fair game. That was a while ago and back then I decided that if 97% of activities can be converted, a filter doesn’t make sense.

But, what if I was wrong? Let’s check this again: I’ll take the first randomly generated plan and turn its activities into remote activities. I opened Retromat the random plan was:

WARNING: Do not use these activities together. In fact, never just use a random plan. Go through it and switch out activities so that the plan as a whole makes sense. Think about how the output of one activity becomes the input for the next.

Okay, here we go:

Last Retro’s Actions Table (#84)

Create a table with 5 columns. The first column lists last retro’s action items. The other columns are headed ‘More of’, ‘Keep doing’, ‘Less of’ and ‘Stop doing’. Participants place 1 sticky note per row into the column that states how they want to proceed with that action. Afterwards facilitate a short discussion for each action, e.g. asking:

  • Why should we stop doing this?
  • Why is it worth to go further?
  • Are our expectations satisfied?
  • Why do opinions vary that much?

Okay, this one is easy: Create a Google Spreadsheet with the table. Ask the question on the (video) call.

NOTE: At my employer we use the Google Suite. Obviously you can use whatever your company is already using to collaborate remotely.

Retro Wedding (#89)
Collect examples for something old, new, borrowed and blue

Analogue to an anglo-american wedding custom ask the team to give examples for the following categories:

  • Something Old
    Positive feedback or constructive criticism on established practice
  • Something New
    Positive feedback or constructive criticism on experiments in progress
  • Something Borrowed
    Tool/idea from another team, the Web or yourself for a potential experiment
  • Something Blue
    Any blocker or source of sadness

One example per sticky note. There’s only one rule: If someone contributes to the ‘Something Blue’ column, s/he must also have a positive comment in at least 1 other column.

Everyone posts their stickies in the appropriate column on the board and describes it briefly.

Again, very easy: Spreadsheet. I’d still have the round of writing out stickies separately and only afterwards type it out again in the spreadsheet. This way everybody has time to think and does something more with their hands than typing.

I’d also add a photo for each category in the spreadsheet, to make it a little more visceral. Maybe play Mendelsohn’s wedding march, just to involve as many senses as I can.

Cause-Effect-Diagram (#25)

Write the problem you want to explore on a sticky note and put it in the middle of a whiteboard. Find out why that is a problem by repeatedly asking ‘So what?’. Find out the root causes by repeatedly asking ‘Why (does this happen)?’ Document your findings by writing more stickies and showing causal relations with arrows. Each sticky can have more than one reason and more than one consequence
Vicious circles are usually good starting points for actions. If you can break their bad influence, you can gain a lot.

Finally, a challenge. Hm, tricky. This one is definitely much easier with everyone in the same room. Can’t immediately think of a good collaborative software to do this. I’d probably pick a different activity.

On second glance, UML is similar. So is there a collaborative UML-tool? Yep. and both look promising. I’d ask 1 colleague to try those out with me and then pick the better one. And I’d have a fallback activity in case the tool turns out to have problems e.g. with too many users.

Circle of Questions (#11)

Everyone sits in a circle. Begin by stating that you’ll go round asking questions to find out what you want to do as a group. You start by asking your neighbor the first question, e.g. ‘What is the most important thing we should start in the next iteration?’ Your neighbor answers and asks her neighbor a related question. Stop when consensus emerges or the time is up. Go around at least once, so that everybody is heard!

This one might be confusing, because there’s no effortlessly obvious order like when sitting in a circle. I’d prepare a list of participants’ names to give the order and then be very curious if that is enough to keep the questions going.

Motivational Poster (#92)

Take each of your action items and create a funny poster for it (see the photos for examples).

Pick an image
Agree on a title
Write a self-mocking description

Print your master piece as big as possible (A4 at the very least) and display it prominently.

Well, there’s poster generators online. Are some people co-located? Let them work together. In the end everybody posts their poster in Slack or Hipchat or wherever.


This was actually more difficult than expected. The first two activities are super straightforward. The third one is convertable but I wouldn’t pick it for a remote retro. The last two are similar, possible but not obvious choices. Maybe instead of a “yes/no”-filter a “remote-friendly/remote-possible/remote-no” is more appropriate. Drop me a note if your company would like to sponsor that feature 🙂

Take it with a grain of salt: I’ve never facilitated a remote retro in my life. If I did I might find out that it’s not as straightforward as I lay it out above. But I’d feel confident enough to try.

My interviews about remote retros made it sound doable. What’s your experience with adapting activities for distributed retros?

Remote Retrospectives – Interview with Philipp

People ask me: “How do you best run a remote retrospective with a distributed team?” and I have no idea. I’ve only ever worked with co-located teams. That’s why I started to ask people who actually do run distributed retrospectives. After the interviews with Christoph and Frank I present to you:

Philipp Flenker, Product Owner from Münster

tl;dr A) Most online retro tools are bad. Just try something simple like wikis, Google Docs, etc. before wasting time with research on specialized tools. B) There are activities that don’t work remotely, e.g. anything with movement or anonymity*.

Screen Shot 2016-05-25 at 00.02.10

Full Interview

What’s the situation?

Our team consists of 5 people including me. We cover 3 time zones (3 people in Germany, 1 US east coast, 1 US west coast) and 2 languages. We speak English at work.

I’m the PO but since we don’t have a Scrum Master (don’t ask …) I facilitate the retros for our team.

Sprints used to last a month. Last month we switched to 1-week-sprints.

We meet every 6 months to see each other in person. That really helps with “individuals and interactions over processes”.

Do you prepare differently for a remote retro than a co-located one?

Yes, there are a lot of activities that don’t work in our setting:
Anything with metaphor, because of the language barrier. For instance, when using Speedboat, the US colleagues would use all the nautical terms and us Germans couldn’t follow.

Anything with movement is out.

And nothing is anonymous. This one I miss the most. Anonymity is great to have, e.g. for ESVP and we can’t really achieve that. Each input has a name attached to it.*

One activity that works well is Learning Matrix. It’s easy to learn and fits a wiki page.
About twice per year we meet in person. I plan these retros very differently! I plan for more honest and more difficult subjects. Participants tend to be too polite in remote retros. There’s very little healthy conflict.

What’s your setup?

First, everybody writes notes on their own computers. We discuss everybody’s notes and then we all paste our notes into a wiki page that I prepare in advance.

We can hear each other, but we don’t have video. We just can’t get a good video feed across 4 company VPNs. Hangouts don’t work at all in the company network. Skype is not very good. [At a former employer we had one remote guy and used Lync. That worked okay.]
The audio works most of the time. We only lose someone’s audio connection once in about 10 retros.

Our biggest challenge is the different time zones. We hold the retro at 5pm German time. One of the German guys is an early riser, so by that time he just wants to be done and head home. In California it’s 8am, in Colorado 9am. And the Colorado guy likes to sleep in. The bio rhythms don’t work out here. Concentration is difficult to maintain. The retro needs to be short, 90 minutes max.

When you’re co-located you can easily spot when someone is wool gathering. In a remote setting you can’t. Especially if you only have audio and people frequently mute themselves.
Retros are still valuable to us. Small changes are better than stagnation.

Do remote retrospectives have any advantage over co-located ones?

No, remote retros are not better than normal ones in any way. But they are better than losing a team member all together by not allowing remote work.

Any tipps for new facilitators of remote retrospectives?

Most tools suck. There are a lot of retro tools out there and I haven’t found any good ones. You just waste time trying them out to assess what they can and cannot do. The wiki page we ended up with, was better than most. Next retro we’ll try out Google Docs. In a Google Doc you can see the others’ cursors and it’s a fair guess that the cursor is where people are reading. So we’ll have more information than with the wiki page.

Thank you very much, Philipp!

You can follow Philipp on Twitter!

* Professional Scrum Trainer Jason Knight has found a workaround to achieve anonymity: Create a Google doc (or spreadsheet) with a private link that anyone can use to edit it. The team members open the link in a browser in incognito mode.

PS: Interested in retrospectives? Sign up to the Retromat newsletter to get related news and tips!

Remote Retrospectives – Interview with Frank

People ask me: “How do you best run a remote retrospective with a distributed team?” and I have no idea. I’ve only ever worked with co-located teams. That’s why I started to ask people who actually run distributed retrospectives. After the initial interview with Christoph, I present to you:

Frank Deberle, Developer/Coordinator, working in Mainz

frank-deberle tl;dr 1) Don’t fret. Remote retrospectives are not as bad as it may seem. Just try to run one and you’ll see. 2) works well for us

Full Interview What’s the situation?

I’ve been facilitating retrospectives for 2 years now. For the last 6 months these retrospectives have been remote – every 3 weeks, 60-90 minutes. There’s 3 of us in Mainz and 2 in Stuttgart. We all know each other face to face too, which makes it easier to work together remotely. Two of the team member are immigrants, but they both speak German, so the language barrier is low.

We all work for an agency that in turn works in a big project for another company. I coordinate everyone from our side working on that project and I facilitate the retrospectives in that capacity. That is to say, we are probably a special case, because our retrospective is not the whole team working on that project, but only with the people from our agency, working on that project. They are part of two different Scrum teams (both working on the same project). Phew, that was a little complicated.

Anyway, at first we were all together in Mainz but then we started an office in Stuttgart and suddenly we were a distributed team. In the beginning I was convinced that retrospectives couldn’t possibly work if we were not all in the same room. I was kind of waiting / hoping for the perfect solution to come along. But then we realized we needed to do retrospectives again. We tried it and it just worked. There was no need for me to be so worried about it! Of course, it’s different, but at least you get to do a retrospective at all!

Remote retrospectives? At least you get to do a retrospective at all!
– Frank Deberle (@fdeberle)

How is a remote retrospective different from a co-located one?

It’s very hard to feel everyone’s vibe. In a co-located retrospectives it’s much easier to pick up nuances in voice and mimic and thus read the team’s general mood accurately.

Also everything seems to take a little longer than when co-located. Some part of it is the occasional lag or that Mac microphones’ sensitivity settings spontaneously self-lower. The bigger part is that it seems more chewy in general. Because feedback is less direct, people tend to explain in greater detail. And all of that together leads to slightly longer retrospectives.

What’s your setup? 

We use video chat. It’s super easy to set up. Once you’ve installed a Chrome plugin all you have to do is send around a link, no special code or password required. The quality is well enough, certainly better than Skype. We’ve never tried Hangouts.

Ideally we use 1 laptop in Stuttgart (for 2 people), and 2 laptops in Mainz (1 for the whiteboard, 1 for 3 people).

Sometimes we enhance this setup with our agency’s bluetooth speaker and standing mic. That improves the sound quality, but we only use it, if it’s already set up.

Do you prepare differently for a remote retro than a co-located one?

Not really. That is, I don’t plan differently, but I noticed that in the distributed retrospectives we tend to do fewer activities. I think it’s because of the slower pace and more explicit explanations I mentioned before. 

Any tipps for new facilitators of remote retrospectives?

Just try it out! It’s really not that big a deal! Oh, and vary what you do. Otherwise it’ll get boring soon. Retromat is cool for that! Okay, that last one was more of a general tipp 😉

Thank you very much, Frank!

Stay tuned for the next interview with Philipp!

PS: Interested in retrospectives? Sign up to the Retromat newsletter to get related news and tips!

La mejor retrospectiva para principiantes

[English version: The best retrospective for beginners]

Sos nuevo en la facilitación de retrospectivas? Entonces, probablemente estés preguntándote como iniciarte en el tema. Por si de algo les sirve, aquí tienen mi aporte: “Teniendo en cuenta que no sé nada de ustedes o de la situación del equipo, aquí va mi mejor intento de un plan de retrospectiva fácil y multipropósito”:

Positivo y Verdadero (#122 )

Por qué: Creá un ambiente positivo y dale a cada uno la oportunidad de hablar.

Cómo: Preguntale a tu compañero más próximo una pregunta formulada para obtener una respuesta positiva, verdadera y relacionada con su/s propias experiencias, por ejemplo:

  • Qué hiciste muy bien en la última iteración?
  • Qué te hace realmente feliz?
  • Que actitud amorosa tuviste o qué cosa amorosa hiciste por alguna persona en la última iteración?

Luego tu compañero le pregunta la misma pregunta a su compañero cercano ubicado del otro lado y así continúa la ronda hasta que todos hayan contestado y preguntado.

Esto les va a dar a todos un empuje y los llevará a mejores resultados.

Learning Matrix combinado con Lean Coffee

[Los nombres de los métodos se dejan en inglés porque si los buscan con la traducción no los van a encontrar. Mi mejor aproximación es. Learning matrix (matriz de aprendizaje) y Lean coffee (café de apoyo mutuo).]

Por qué: Learning Matrix es un gran método multipropósito que incluye la “valorización de los otros”. Lo utilizo para recolectar temas y luego uso el Lean Coffee para estructurar y dar el marco temporal a las conversaciones sobre estos temas. Confío mucho en Lean Coffee!

Cómo: Muestre un rotafolio con cuatro cuadrantes con las siguientes denominaciones: “: )”, “: (“,”Idea”, y “Valoración”. Repartí notas autoadhesivas (tipo post-it).

Dejá que los miembros escriban sus ideas en silencio utilizando las notas autoadhesivas y completando todos los cuadrantes – 1 pensamiento por nota autoadhesiva.

Invitá a todos a ubicar sus notas autoadhesivas en el rotafolio. La persona también comenta su tema en 1 o 2 oraciones. Juntá las notas autoadhesivas que sean aproximadamente del mismo tema.

Repartí 5 círculos para que la gente vote los temas más importantes, es decir, los que les gustaría tratar. Pueden distribuir los círculos como prefieran, por ejemplo, los pueden poner todos en un solo tema o utilizar los cinco para que abarquen el espectro de posibilidades.

Ordená las notas autoadhesivas conforme a los votos.

Comentá cuánto tiempo se dedicará a esta fase y luego explicá las reglas: Vamos a empezar por el tema de mayor interés. Vamos a poner un cronómetro por un lapso de 10 minutos. Cuando suene el cronómetro todos mueven sus pulgares arriba o abajo. Si la mayoría de los pulgares está para arriba se le otorga al tema otros 5 minutos. Si la mayoría de los pulgares están para abajo se comienza el siguiente tema por un lapso de 10 minutos de reloj.
Pará cuando haya concluido el tiempo.

Se trabajó bien, Hacerlo distinto

Por qué: Mantené un registro de los temas de acciones sugeridas.

Cómo: En preparación para la retrospectiva titulá dos rotafolios con “Se trabajó bien” y “Hacerlo diferente la próxima” respectivamente. Escribí sugerencias de acciones que las personas mencionen durante el Lean Coffee. Aclará que por ahora son sólo sugerencias. El equipo las va a votar más adelante.

Cuando se acabe el tiempo del Lean Coffee, preguntá si hay más sugerencias de acciones. Si las hay, dejá que las escriban en silencio unos minutos – 1 idea por nota autoadhesiva. Hacé que cada uno lea sus notas y que las ubique en la categoría apropiada. Liderá un pequeño intercambio sobre el 20% de las ideas más beneficiosas. Voten sobre los temas de acciones que serán probadas distribuyendo círculos o Xs con un marcador, por ejemplo 3 círculos por cada persona para distribuir. Las 2 o 3 más votadas son tus temas de acciones.


Por qué: Demostrar la utilidad de las retrospectivas preguntado sobre lo que aprendieron.

Cómo: Tirá una pelota (ejemplo koosh ball o pelota suave) pasando por el equipo para que descubran experiencias de aprendizaje. Enunciá una pregunta al principio para que la gente la conteste cuando reciba la pelota, como por ejemplo: “Una cosa que aprendí en la última iteración”

Dependiendo de la pregunta, podrían salir a la luz cuestiones que están inquietando/preocupando a las personas. Si suena una alarma, ahondá en el tema.

Se necesita al menos una hora para la retrospectiva.

Si sos nuevo en la facilitación en general, no sólo para retros, fíjate este 1-pager on “Ways to Vote”.

Seguramente este plan resultará en una agradable y efectiva retrospectiva para vos y tu equipo.

[Traducido por Alejandra Lorenzo]

Remote Retrospectives – Interview with Christoph

How do you best run a remote retrospective with a distributed team?” is the question I get asked the most. Unfortunately, I have no idea. I have been fortunate enough to only have worked with co-located teams. Of course that’s not helpful for the people who ask.

That’s why I reached out to people who actually run distributed retrospectives to share their insights with us.

First up, Christoph Sperle, Scrummaster from Basel

tl;dr 1) You don’t need to plan a remote retro differently from a co-located one. 2) WebEx works well. 3) Use the inbuilt audio.

Full Interview

What’s the situation?

I have facilitated retrospectives for the last 18 months and remote retrospectives for 9 months.

The remote team consists of several people in Basel and 3 remote team members that are in Poland, UK and the US respectively. All remote people have at one point been to Basel and met the Basel team, but not the other “remotes”.

The different time zones (US) and the language barrier add additional layers of difficulty.

Outside of the retrospective the team communicates mostly by chat.

Do you prepare differently for a remote retro than a co-located one?

I used to plan them differently, for example doing brainstorming and a Learning Matrix in Trello. But this approach completely killed the vibe of a retrospective. Everybody was just staring into their computers. No real exchange.

Today I plan remote retrospectives the same way I plan co-located ones.

What’s your setup?

We use WebEx to have all remote team members with us in the room on a big screen. The remotes see our whiteboard on their screens. We do all activities as you would normally do. Whenever the remotes share their stickies, I write them down and put the on the board. That’s the most stressful part for me.

We tried lots of different things with audio. The telephone was not a good option. Low quality and it was confusing that the voice did not come from the screen. Now we just use the WebEx audio and the speakers from the TV screen that shows our colleagues. That works well for us.

Do remote retrospectives have any advantage over co-located ones?

None that I can think of. Technology is always hassle and makes it more difficult to address things. Our team members are familiar with each other by now. For fresh teams it’s harder to speak their minds.

 Thank you very much, Christoph!

Stay tuned for the next interview with Frank!

PS: Interested in retrospectives? Sign up to the Retromat newsletter to get related news and tips!

Why do we vary activities?

The purpose of Retromat is to help you plan a retrospective that fits your team’s situation. It’s implied that you will vary your retrospectives – this iteration’s retro will have different activities from the next one and the one after that.

Why, though? Why not always run the same one? After all, I recommend the following retrospective for beginners. It’s a great multi-purpose retro. Why not always do that one?



Well, if you keep asking the same questions, you will keep getting the same answers. Different activities ask different questions. Even a slightly different question can get participants to think in a new way. Switching the point of view or using metaphors open up the possibility of profound change. Carefully picked activities shine a light on issues that the team was unaware of or shied away from.

That’s why it’s good practise to vary activities – not only to prevent boredom.

There are some teams who love predictability and ask to always have the same retro. When a team expresses this wish I negotiate a “for every X retros that we follow your wish, I ‘get’ one, where I pick” or something along those lines. That respects the team while making sure that I am still able to address problems and help the team grow in the retrospectives.

PS: Interested in retrospectives? Sign up to the Retromat newsletter to get related news and tips!


Thank you to our September 2018 sponsor Emendare (German Scrum Consultancy)! (Sponsors help us maintain Retromat, they do not influence our content

What became of our Action Items? Check follow-through in retrospectives with a new Phase 2

Retrospectives serve a purpose: In the long run, we want to improve and that means trying out things. If all that ever happens is talking and nothing ever changes due to retros, then why do them? Teams quickly learn to hate retros if they don’t result in change.

When is a retrospective successful? Change happens.

So, how do you get change due to retrospectives? Let me tell you about the team with the best follow-through I’ve ever had the pleasure of working with: Each retro they added all action items and rule changes to a big sheet of flipchart paper. Each item had a “revisit”-date attached to – the date when the team thought they’d be able to judge the effect (usually 2, 4 or 6 weeks). At the beginning of each retro we would go down the list of all open items that had reached the revisit date and inspect them. Did the team do it? Did it work as intended? If yes, rule changes were made permanent and actions crossed off. If not, the items were consciously dropped or changed.

They had continuous improvement down to an art. It was a joy to facilitate their retros. They devoted a huge chunk of time to this process – 20-30 minutes out of 60. That sounds like a lot (it is!) but it worked very well for them. By the time they had analyzed the list, they usually had covered a lot of the things that bugged them anyway.

I’ve never again seen such consistent follow-up. That’s why I suggest at least a bare bones “Phase 0” to replicate this success: Bring the list of last retro’s agreements and ask what happened with them – for about 5 minutes.

This accomplishes several things:

  • It lets the team know that someone cares about what happens. (Whenever I remember to, I’ll also ask during the iteration – genuinely curious, not annoyingly!)
  • The team and I can spot problems with follow-through early

With a mature team, I’ll do this every once in a while. If I think there’s a problematic pattern, I’ll do it more often. I try my damnedest not to be accusing, but if the team consistently does very little of what they agreed to do, that’s points to a problem. Phase 0 helps us find this out so that we can work on the lack of follow-through.

Other peole have developed similar concepts (at least Marc Löffler and Judith Andresen). But for most it’s the “New Phase 2”, in between “Set the Stage” and “Gather Data” (from the 5 phases of a retrospective). They feel it’s important to have “Set the Stage” as the very first phase so that participants “arrive”. And I’ve come around to their way of thinking. So scratch “Phase 0”, long live “New Phase 2”!

PS: Interested in retrospectives? Sign up to the Retromat newsletter to get related news and tips!

The Missing Manual – 5 tricks to get the most out of Retromat

Retromat has a couple of neat features that are not exactly hidden, but not super obvious either. I’d like to share them with you, just in case there’s one you didn’t know.

0. Step through all activities in a phase with the arrows

For completeness sake, let’s start with the most obvious one. I won’t even count this as a trick: The arrows:


The arrows let you step through all activities in a given phase, because in the initial random plan the activtities will not all work together. Look for activities that fit with each other with the arrow. If you’re a beginner, try this plan.

1. Click on a phase’s name to see all its activities

The arrows are too slow? You want to quickly scan all activities in a phase? Just click the phase’s name.

2. Check out a single activity by clicking on its ID

Let’s say you want to share a single activity with a colleague: Click on its ID and voila 🙂

3. Click those buttons!

Noticed the row of buttons?

This one generates a new random plan:

It’s supposed to be a wheel of fortune, in case you were wondering.

And then there’s the search button:

It lets you search for a keyword or ID in titles, summaries and descriptions. If you enter more than one word any one of them is enough for a match. It’s an “or” search, not an “and” search.

As soon as you enter a number as part of your search term, you’ll get the activity of the same ID among the search results.

4. Change the ID to get the activities into a custom order

From the moment I first conceived Retromat I wanted plans to be easily shareable. That’s why each plan has an ID. And you can change the order of activities by changing the ID around. You can change the ID either in the browser’s URL field or by clicking into the Plan ID:

This comes in really handy, when you want to break out of the 5 phases. You see, Retromat is somewhat limited in that each activity can only belong to one phase, although many of them arguably fit into several. If you want to repurpose an activity for a different phase than the one I sorted it in, go ahead, change the IDs around and press enter!

5. Something completely different – An Easter Egg

There’s another way to forgo phases: Did you know that Retromat has a secret phase called “Something completely different”? You’ve got a 1 in 25 chance of getting a plan with just 1 single activity from this extra phase.

Wanna take a peak at these unconventional activities? Here’s a list of all activities in “Something completely different”. You’re welcome 😉

Were any of these new for you? Did I not mention something you would have liked to see? Tell me in the comments!

PS: Interested in retrospectives? Sign up to the Retromat newsletter to get related news and tips!

The best retrospective for beginners

(Don’t know what a retrospective is? Start here!)

[En español: La mejor retrospectiva para principiantes]

Are you new to facilitating retrospectives? Then you’re probably wondering how to best get started. For what it’s worth, here’s my “Given that I know nothing about you or the team’s situation here’s my best shot at a multi-purpose, easy to facilitate retrospective plan”:

Positive & True
Why: Create a positive vibe and give everyone an opportunity to speak.
How: Ask your neighbor a question that is tailored to get a response that is positive, true and about their own experiences, e.g.

  • What have you done really well in the last iteration?
  • What is something that makes you really happy?
  • What nice thing did you do for someone else last iteration?

Then your neighbor asks their neighbor on the other side the same question and so on until everyone has answered and asked.

This will give everyone a boost and lead to better results.

Learning Matrix combined with Lean Coffee
Learning Matrix is a great multi-purpose method that has “appreciation for others” built-in. I use it to gather topics and then use Lean Coffee to structure and time box the conversations about these topics. I rely on Lean Coffee a lot!
How: Show a flip chart with 4 quadrants labeled ‘:)’, ‘:(‘, ‘Idea!’, and ‘Appreciation’. Hand out sticky notes.

  • Let team members silently write their ideas for all the quadrant onto sticky notes – 1 thought per note.
  • Go around the team and let everyone put up their stickies on the flipchart. The person also  describes their topic in 1 or 2 sentences. Cluster stickies that are about the same topic.
  • Hand out 5 dots for people to vote on the most important issues, i.e. the ones they’d like to discuss. They can distribute the dots any way they like, i.e. they can put them all on one topic  or five different ones and everything in between.
  • Order the stickies according to votes.
  • Say how much time you set aside for this phase and then explain the rules:
    We’ll start with the topic of highest interest. We’ll set a timer for 10 minutes. When the timer beeps, everyone gives a quick thumbs up or down. Majority of thumbs up: The topic gets another 5 minutes. Majority of thumbs down: Start the next topic with 10 minutes on the clock.
  • Stop when the allotted time is over.

Worked Well, Do Differently
Keep track of suggested action items
How: In preparation for the retrospective head 2 flip charts with ‘Worked well’ and ‘Do differently next time’ respectively. Write down suggestions for actions that people mention during Lean Coffee. State clearly that these are only suggestions for now. The team will vote on these later.

When all Lean Coffee time is talked up, ask if there are any more suggestions for actions. If so, let them write in silence for a few minutes – 1 idea per sticky note. Let everyone read out their notes and post them to the appropriate category. Lead a short discussion on what the top 20% beneficial ideas are. Vote on which action items to try by distributing dots or X’s with a marker, e.g. 3 dots for each person to distribute. The top 2 or 3 become your action items.

Why: Demonstrate the usefulness of retrospectives by asking for lessons learned
How: Throw a ball (e.g. koosh ball) around the team to uncover learning experiences. Give out a question at the beginning that people answer when they catch the ball, such as:

  • One thing I learned in the last iteration

Depending on the question it might uncover events that are bugging people. If any alarm bells go off, dig deeper.

You need at least 1 hour of time.

If you’re new to facilitation in general, not just for retros, check out this 1-pager on ways to vote.

In many situations the above plan will result in a nice, effective retrospective for you and your team.

To get a better understanding of retrospectives, make sure to read Agile Retrospectives. (If you prefer reading in German, check out Erfolgreiche Retrospektiven.)

Facilitate a few retros to gain experience and when you run out of ideas, Retromat is always there to help. Just don’t use the first random plan you get. Adapt it to your and your team’s needs! For example the above plan in Retromat looks like this.

PS: Interested in retrospectives? Sign up to the Retromat newsletter to get related news and tips!

What is a retrospective?

[There’s a German version of this text.]

A retrospective is an opportunity to learn and improve. It is time set aside – outside of day-to-day routine – to reflect on past events and behaviors. In its simplest form you answer 3 questions:

  • What worked well?
  • What didn’t work well?
  • What are we going to try to do differently?

In none-agile environments retrospectives are sometimes done after a project is finished as a “post mortem” to derive “lessons learned”. Those tend to be long meetings.

In constrast, in agile environments, a retrospective is short and done often (e.g. 90 minutes at the end of a 2-week sprint). Thus the project is still in progress and you can address issues jeopardizing the project’s success in time, hopefully keeping it on track.

In Scrum, retrospectives belong to the cast of regular sprint meetings. In Kanban there’s a variety of ways to “schedule” retrospectives. In Lean A3’s can serve the same purpose.

Who takes part?

“The team” whoever that includes in your context. In Scrum it’s usually the whole Scrum team with dev team, PO and SM. If you have a specific topic that includes / affects people from outside the team invite them to work on a joint solution.

What does a retrospective look like?

In its simplest form, a bunch of people

  • meet
  • talk about stuff and
  • agree on some actions (that will hopefully improve the situation).

Usually retrospectives are a little more sophisticated than that. Most follow the 5 phases suggested in “Agile Retrospectives“:

  1. Set the stage
    Set the goal; Give people time to “arrive” and get into the right mood
  2. Gather data
    Help everyone remember; Create a shared pool of information (everybody sees the world differently)
  3. Generate insight
    Why did things happen the way they did?; Identify patterns; See the big picture
  4. Decide what to do
    Pick a few issues to work on and create concrete action plans of how you’ll address them
  5. Close the retrospective
    Clarify follow-up; Appreciations; Clear end; How could the retrospectives improve?

Summary of the 5 phases of a retrospective: Set the Stage, Gather Data, Generate Insight, Decide, Closing

You can support each phase with activities to spark ideas and interaction. Look at the Retr-O-Mat to see examples for such activities.

What is a retrospective NOT:

  • A blame game – Retrospectives are not about ass coverage and assigning blame. In fact, some facilitators start their retrospectives by reading out the “Retrospective Prime Directive“:

    Regardless of what we discover, we understand and truly believe that everyone did the best job they could, given what they knew at the time, their skills and abilities, the resources available, and the situation at hand.

    Concentrate on what you will do in the future.

  • Just another meeting in which talk is cheap but no change follows – If the retrospectives don’t produce concrete actions or if no one carries them out afterwards, retrospectives are a waste of time.

If you like the idea of retrospectives, Retromat can help you plan them and this 1-pager helps you teach others about retrospectives. Looking for ideas for your first retrospective? Try this plan.

PS: Interested in retrospectives? Sign up to the Retromat newsletter to get related news and tips!